Official name: The Republic of Azerbaijan
Date of establishment: the 28th of May 1918
Azerbaijani State Symbols:
State symbols of the Republic of Azerbaijan are: the Flag, the Emblem and the National Anthem.
The National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal stripes equal in length. The upper stripe is blue, the middle is red, the lower is green colored. In the center of the red stripe on the both sides of the flag there is a white crescent and eight-angled star.
The three-color national flag of Azerbaijan was accepted by the government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918. After the collapse of the Democratic Republic in April 28, 1920 and the establishment of the Soviet regime this flag was relinquished in Azerbaijan. Yet the flag was restored by the order of the Supreme Medjlis of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and was declared the national flag of the Autonomous Republic on November 17,1990. At the same time the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic petitioned to the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR for recognition of the three-color flag the national flag of Azerbaijan.
The Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Republic considered the petition of the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and approved the three-color flag the national flag of the Azerbaijan Republic on February 5, 1991.
The National Emblem of The Republic of Azerbaijan
The National Emblem represents an image of oriental escutcheon, placed on the arch composed of oak branches and wheat ears. On the escutcheon in the background of the National flag colors of the Republic of Azerbaijan there is an image of the eight-pointed star and in the center of the star there are tongues of flame.
The National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Music by : Uzeyir Hajibeyov
Words by : Ahmed Javad
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-colored banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You’ve become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for you,
Has become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We make sacrifice our lives to you
Our sincere love to you,
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honor,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
The New Year’s Day January 1-2
The Women’s Day March 8
The Victory Day over fascism May 9
The Republic Day May 28
The Day of National Salvation of the Azerbaijani People June15
The Armed Forces Day June 26
The National Independence Day October 18
State Flag Day of Azerbaijan November 9
The Constitution Day November 12
The National Revival Day November 17
The World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day December 31
Novruz five days
Gurban two days
Ramadan two days
20 January January 20
Khojaly genocide February 26
The day genocide of Azerbaijanis March 31
86,6 thousand square km (12% of the territory are covered by forests, 1,7% – by water, 55,1% – by agricultural lands, (including 30,7% – by pastures ), 31,2% are other lands). The country is situated in the latitude 38° and 42° of north and in the longitude of 44° and 52° east.
Average annual temperature (2012) + 12,1⁰C
Average temperature in January + 2,9⁰C
Average temperature in July +26,2⁰C
Average annual quantity of precipitations 605,8 mm
Number of administrative units:
Autonomous Republic 1
Urban districts 13
Rural territorial units 1719
Rural settlements districts 4260
Borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) in the south
Borders with Russia (390 km) in the north
Borders with Georgia (480 km) in the north-west
Borders with Armenia (1007 km) in the west
The length of the widest area of Azerbaijan section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km.
Population (at the beginning of 2012):
Population size, thsd. persons 9235,1
Population density, per 1 sq. km 107
Of total population, %:
Urban population 52,9%
Rural population 47,1%
Of total population, %:
Natural increase of population (2011) 13,5%
Life-span (by age) (2011):
Total population 73.8
Composition of population by nationality (at the beginning of 2012):
(Of total population, %) :
Other nationalities 0,1
State language: Azerbaijani
The religion in Azerbaijan is separated from state. All religions are equal before the law.
The majority of the population is Muslims. At present there are more than 380 registered religious communities in Azerbaijan. Christianity is represented by the orthodox, catholic and protestant branches, as well as by different sectarian communities. There are 3 Jewish communities – Mountain Jews, Ashkenazi Jews and Georgian Jews.
Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular and unitary republic.
The state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on a principle of division of powers: In political system in terms of implementation of the state power Azerbaijan is a presidential republic.
The Head of State is President. The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is elected for a 5-year term by way of general, direct and equal elections, with free, personal and secret ballot. On October 15, 2008 Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In the Republic of Azerbaijan the Milli Majlis (Parliament) exercises the legislative power. The Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of 125 deputies. On November 7, 2010 the elections for the 4th Convocation of Milli Mejlis was held in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Milli Majlis consists of 105 men (84,0 %) and 20 women (16,0 % ).
The judicial power is implemented by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Azerbaijan, regional and specialized courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The political system of Azerbaijan is based on the principles of political pluralism. At present there are 42 political parties in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Political parties take part in the implementation of state power by representing themselves in legislative bodies and local municipal governments.